Rio, 11 de maio de 2018

BLUE 1

Blue, o gato que lê.

E aí, meu velho?

Descobri semana passada que existe alguma vantagem na preguiça. Se por um lado ela nos retarda decisões, por outro ela pode nos salvar da falha e da retratação.

Veja o que aconteceu com essa carta. Eu a tinha iniciado dizendo “tenho duas notícias que podem lhe interessar”. Uma era boa e a outra, não de todo ruim.

A preguiça, esse bicho-pecado, acabou evitando uma informação falsa e uma decepção certa. Antes de cair por terra, a primeira falava sobre o aumento das vendas de livros no início de 2018, algo que já ocorrera no ano anterior. Dizia a notícia que o crescimento fora puxado pela demanda escolar, quando as crianças e adolescentes coçam os olhos remelentos pela manhã, na luta perdida de evitar o despertar sonolento e o descolocar “walking dead” até as salas de aula.

O interessante é ver que, mesmo em queda, fenômenos vinham segurando as vendas. Em 2015, os “livros coloridos” salvaram o mercado de um desastre maior. Em 2016, foram os youtubers, nascidos na fama digital, mas confiantes que com o papel, entrariam para a história. Veio 2017, e aí sim, vocês foram mais longe, sem um fenômeno que justificasse. Mas alegria de leitor, às vezes, dura pouco. Enquanto o “Painel de Vendas de Livros” dava um like de positivo, dois dias depois, a “Pesquisa Produção e Vendas do Setor” dizia o contrário.

Mesmo derrubando o nosso castelo de livros, a pesquisa que dizia que as coisas haviam melhorado, trazia um dado importante: os livros mais vendidos em 2017 foram os de desenvolvimento pessoal, literatura brasileira e religião. É possível imaginar, numa rasa elucubração, tipo mesa redonda de futebol, que as pessoas, ou melhor, os brasileiros, estavam buscando a salvação, fosse na terra ou no céu. Claro que é bom ver que a literatura brasileira ganhou da estrangeira, mesmo que seja uma competição sem propósito, pois quanto mais livros e leitores, melhor, aceitando-se inclusive os piores, que não é o seu caso, meu velho. Espero também não ser o meu.

Ah, sim, mas, qual era a segunda notícia mesmo?

Não diria desanimadora, porque não é nova. Eu a ouço desde que o livro é livro. A manchete aterradora: “Crianças e adolescente estão lendo menos”. E aí, seguia uma série de estatísticas, do quanto era esse “menos” por faixa etária, que gêneros predominaram no gosto dessa turma dos 5 aos 17 anos, mas (e todo “mas” pode ser “mais”), 40 a 47% de crianças e jovens leram por gosto ou espontaneamente.

Gostei do “por gosto ou espontaneamente”. Achei que isso só acontecia nos meus sonhos de leitor apaixonado. Você deve estar pensando na minha inocente tolice, parafraseando “o amor (de leitor) é cego”. Mas quando li em seguida que “a obrigação de ler o livro por exigência da escola é a maior motivação de crianças e adolescentes”, imaginei o sargento motivando a tropa a se arrastar na poça de lama como se tivessem implorado para estar ali.

Obrigação e motivação são irmãs brigadas. Se eu sou obrigado, não preciso ser motivado. O motivo é o poder que outro tem para obrigar. Motivação combina mais com inspiração. Eu acho que a leitura na escola é ainda uma das principais portas para o leitor iniciante entrar no mundo dos livros. Sendo verdade que o brasileiro lê pouco, não se pode contar apenas com pais incentivadores. Hoje, então, é mais fácil o pai ou mãe incentivarem o filho a meter a cara em um celular pelo exemplo que dão ou pela desejada paz à mesa do almoço no restaurante. Pais que pouco leram é como um médico fumante: não convence o outro pelo que dizem, mas pelo que fazem.

Confesso: escapei de ser um odioso inimigo do Drumond quando, na tarefa de um domingo à noite para a aula de português na segunda, tive que buscar o significado de 200 palavras no dicionário que compunham a métrica de uma crônica “verborrágica” do grande poeta e cronista. Toda vez que vejo sua estátua, sentada no calçadão de Copacabana, olhando para a esquerda à espera de quem virá prosear, pergunto-me se ele sabe quanto o odiei naquela noite, temperada pela vinheta sonora do Fantástico que chegava da TV na sala. Talvez esteja à espera para explicar que não tinha intensão de acabar com o meu domingo. Mal sabe ele que o amo. Já o Fantástico, não consegui perdoar até hoje.

Esse é um caso em que a melhor intensão de motivar virou uma obrigação que poderia ter me afastado de Drumond para sempre. Nem isso aconteceu nem transferi o ódio para a minha professora de português, que era excelente.

Numa outra ocasião, já na fase do 2º grau (hoje ensino médio), o professor mandou ler apenas “Os Sertões” de Euclides da Cunha para uma classe apavorada.  Com a mesma coragem de um sertanejo que atravessa a aridez do solo seco, passei pela “A Terra”, conheci “O Homem” e encarei “A Luta”, num prazer literário de uma obra considerada pioneira do pré-modernismo. Os meus 15 anos na época tenderam, naturalmente, a preferir a terceira parte da luta entre Canudos e as tropas do governo. Mas ainda assim, fiquei extremamente impressionado pela capacidade de mostrar uma terra e um povo da qual eu pertencia, mas não imaginava, como jovem brasileiro, que existia.

Qual é a conclusão disso, meu velho? Não sei. Sei que criar o hábito da leitura não é fácil. Tenho hoje um adolescente perto de mim e estou tentando achar um jeito de motivá-lo mais do que convencê-lo a ler. Ainda não consegui o sucesso que queria, mas sinto que há uma brecha ali. Não espero que ele seja um obsessivo como eu. Mas que os livros, realmente, tenham a chance de se mostrarem bons companheiros dele.

Outro dia, quando o ouvi comentar que ele estava guardando dinheiro, brinquei dizendo que ele poderia me dar um livro de presente no aniversário, “que eu tinha poucos”. Ele, daquele jeito sutil de pré-adolescente, disse: “pra quê? Você já vive cercado de livros. Pra onde a gente olha, só tem livros”! Eu estava quase me sentindo culpado, mas lembrei do meu pai e da estante lá da minha infância e mandei: “Então, aproveita e tenta descobrir algum deles”.

Mais uma vez, a minha carta-preguiça ganhou tempo e três dias depois, ele veio me dizer que tinha lido 50 páginas de um livro indicado pelo colégio. E me perguntou: “Pra que a gente lê?”

É, meu velho, a jornada da leitura é mais que um número estatístico. Existe esperança nessa travessia.

Até a próxima página. Um grande abraço e nos lemos em breve.

L.

P.S: O livro que ele está lendo se chama “As cores da escravidão” de Ieda de Oliveira, da FTD Educação. Eu o li e é uma história bastante interessante do menino Tonho que convence um amigo a seguir um “gato”, homens que aliciavam pessoas para trabalharem em fazendas em um regime escravo. O gato mal é uma analogia ao Gato de Botas que trazia riqueza. A inocência dos sonhos que o menino guarda das histórias contadas pela avó se perde no decorrer da história. Mas o final mostra que há esperança quando pessoas boas cruzam o seu caminho. Estou ansioso para saber das próximas páginas que ele leu, meu velho.

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